Hades, as we all know, is the god of the Underworld. At his birth, he was devoured by his father, Kronos, along with his four siblings. Later, his brother, Zeus, forced the Titan god to vomit forth his children. This led to a great war on the Titan gods, whereby they were vanquished to the dark pit of Tartaros.
The victorious gods then drew lots for their portion of the cosmos. Hades, of course, ended up drawing the shortest straw and was allotted the realm of the dead as his portion. From our modern, Herculean, hero-worshiping, egocentric point of view, I suppose you could say Hades was a loser; he fumbled the ball; he ran too slow; he went bankrupt.
The Ruler of the Dead, however, is quite an interesting fellow. For instance, did you know that Hades is the god of the hidden wealth of the earth? One of the common names associated with Hades is Pluto, which is derived from ploutos, meaning “wealth.” Hades is god of all precious minerals and metals that are mined from the depths of the earth, for
The entire bulk and substance of the earth, was dedicated to father Dis [Haides] (that is, Dives, ‘the rich’, and so in Greek Plouton), because all things fall back into the earth and also arise from the earth. – Cicero, De Natura Deorum 2.26
He is also responsible for the fertility of crops, since it was Spring when he released Persephone, the goddess of Spring’s bounty.
Furthermore, Hades is known as the god of funeral rites and mourning.
Of Haides it is said that he laid down the rules which are concerned with burials and funerals and the honours which are paid to the dead, no concern having been given to the dead before this time; and this is why tradition tells us that Haides is lord of the dead, since there were assigned to him in ancient times the first offices in such matters and the concern for them.” – Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5.69.5
What does this all mean for us, you may ask? Are you interested in becoming conscious of unconscious psychological processes?
Hades himself is described as a
sombre and dark man with a dark, full beard and regal garb of deep
(typically blacks and crimson) carrying a bident or two-pronged harpoon
and, like Hecate,
a key. The key has always been an important
in magickal religions representing the key to the unknown or
The gateway of the sub or supraconscience. It is a symbol of knowledge
and wisdom, which is usually attributed to darker Gods and Goddesses.(http://aphrattos.tripod.com/hades1.html).
If you are interested in depth psychology and becoming more acquainted with True Self, James Hillman has this to say to you:
To start with the image in depth psychology is to begin in the mythological underworld. . .(Dream and the Underworld, page 5).
Hades is the ruler of the Underworld, so we should become very familiar with him and what he represents in the psyche. This has much to do with our dream lives.
Hades is not equivalent with the Christian Satan. He has both positive and negative attributes, as do all the gods.
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