Globalism as the Counterfeit World Individuation

Lotus, by Joseph Lee (2012)


The term, globalism, is one of those words in the English language that is very vague and confusing for most. We hear much about it in our age, mostly because it has been the dominant ideology of both Republican and Democratic parties in the United States for many years now. It has also dominated European politics, having led to the formation of the European Union. Globalism, in this context, is also known as market globalism, and has the ideology of Neoliberalism as its driving force. One hallmark of Neoliberalism is that the rich grow richer and the poor grow poorer. Globalism, in the guise of the World Bank, loans money to needy nations. Then, when they can’t pay it back, the neoliberal elites rob them of their resources, sell them to private investors, and force the needy nations to impose austerity measures, usually by cutting social services. It is an insidious ideology that has absolutely raped many a nation of it’s pride, it’s sovereignty, and it’s culture. It is a dehumanizing, de-souling process that eats away at everything of value within a nation.

The World Soul rebels against such an ideology. The goal of this nightmarish plan is world government, hence the loss of independence, freedom, and national sovereignty. Movements like Euroscepticism,  which encompasses Brexit, and the presidential election of Donald Trump in America, reveal strong opposition against the globalist agenda in the collective psyche. At bottom, the World Soul does not want a unified world government run by the neoliberal elites. It is a deception to think so.

Let me tell you how I was deceived. About a year ago, I penned an article called Borders, where I lamented about the refugee crisis in Europe. I was appalled that Hungary would close its borders with razor wire and armed troops to keep them out. I was unaware of why the Hungarians were doing this. I thought they were being racist and xenophobic. I was wrong. They were trying to keep their people safe from the horrors of terrorism we have seen in Germany, France, and other European countries this past year. I was deceived into thinking this movement of globalism was a genuine example of world individuation. I was wrong. It was an attempt to force world individuation by human construction, by elites like George Soros, who has a lifelong dream of open borders, and will do anything to bring it about. This is the same George Soros who is currently funding anti-Trump protesters and rioters in American cities. Soros has been financing and fomenting revolutions around the globe the past few years, thinking he can forcibly bring about a world without borders. This is a counterfeit of the true evolution of the Anima Mundi.

I’d like to look into the archetypal dimensions of true world individuation. One of the hallmarks of James Hillman’s archetypal psychology is that the soul is multifarious, composed of many persons. He disagreed with Jung’s attempt to unify all the aspects of the soul into one undifferentiated whole. In Hillman’s view, each of the the many persons of the soul have distinctions that set them apart from the whole, even though, in a healthy psyche, there may be cooperation and goodwill between all of them. This is the gist of real world individuation.

Now, let’s elevate this to the macroscopic level. The world is composed of many different peoples, very different cultures, different norms, mores, and folkways. Neoliberal globalists only want a world where moronic, unquestioning slaves work for them, making them richer and richer. They are not concerned with the well-being of the masses. An authentic globalism would recognize that nation-states are essential for human diversity, freedom, and liberty. The idea of the nation-state retains a nation’s individual culture, laws, etc. These elements compose a nation’s soul. Learning about and cooperating with other cultures is wonderful too, as long as the various individual cultures are retained intact.

Legal immigration has been a boon to America. We have many wonderful people here that make our nation great. But some try to circumvent our laws to enter America. With what we now know about terrorism, we must insist that our immigration laws be adhered to. To not do so invites trouble.

There is a deep connection between a people and their home on the earth. It is a connection of body and the land, but also the sky above them. Much cultural tradition also stems from the constellations viewed from a nation’s particular vantage point on the planet. It is a mystery how these are connected, but connected they are, indeed. My family came from England to America in the 1600’s, but I still feel a pronounced attachment to the English countryside. It is somehow in my genes, perhaps genetic memory. 

Finally, instead of thinking of the nation-state as xenophobic and racist, think of the multiplicity of the soul, and how we are many, even though we can all be in agreement and cooperation. We could come close to world peace if we can remember to respect other nations for their individuality and culture. We will probably never get to total world peace, but I think we could come close if our leaders can learn to foster goodwill among all nations, however different we may be.

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A Deepening of Soul

On Local Ground, by Doro Breger (1956)

One of the most crucial things we can do to further and deepen consciousness is to experience the world from different points on the circle of life. The whirling vortex of the maelstrom of soul requires that, if we are interested in inner development, we be willing to be spun in every direction until we reach the bottom. That is where transformation lies. Poe believed the bottom of his maelstrom was death.

I began to reflect how magnificent a thing it was to die in such a manner, and how foolish it was in me to think of so paltry a consideration as my own individual life, in view of so wonderful a manifestation of God’s power (A Descent Into the Maelstrom, by Edgar Allan Poe).

Death is the classic, archetypal symbol of transformation. We must be willing to die to our egos, to take on different viewpoints, according to the requirements of life. Remember, we are not simply ego personalities. There are many persons living within us. If we are willing to leap into the vortex of life, to spin faster and faster as we descend, we will draw closer to those inner selves. In them, we will find our true selves.

For me, this election year has been a harrowing ride in the maelstrom of soul. I began the year as a Bernie Sanders supporter. I have always been quite progressive. I liked his ideas. They concerned issues I had thought about for years. As the Spring wore on toward Summer, I began to realize that Sanders was just being used as a pawn in Clinton’s diabolical political strategy, just a candidate to play counterpoint to her, as she connived and lied her way to the Democratic nomination. From the Wikileaks, it was very evident how crooked the whole campaign had been. Sanders apparently made a deal with the Democrats to campaign against Hillary, drawing a contrast between a progressive agenda, and a more right-to-moderate strategy. She thought this would win her the presidency. Sanders apparently promised not to comment on her scandals, such as the email controversy, and the Clinton Foundation mess. He didn’t even complain when she stole the California primary from him. He was playing his part. And, of course, he wholeheartedly endorsed her after that.

Enter Donald Trump. Of course, Trump had been winning all over the country before I really took notice. After Bernie’s endorsement fiasco, I began listening to what Trump had to say, and I found that I liked it – a lot! All I had heard up to that point was what the mainstream media had to say about him. That was mostly lies. But as I listened to speech after speech, I found that he was concerned for working class people, of which I am rooted in. My father was a GM union man. Our city became just another casualty of Neoliberalism and joined the Rust Belt in the 1980’s. I liked what Trump had to say about destroying the Neoliberal agenda, TPP, and renegotiating NAFTA. Granted, there are issues I still disagree with, but, for the most part, I believe Donald Trump will put us back on the right track.

I allowed myself to begin thinking like a conservative, something I had despised for decades. I leaped into the maelstrom, took the contrasting view, and lived with it all these months. It has changed me. I still see the need for some progressive values, but I am also now adapted to the conservative point of view. I feel that I am more balanced now, more deepened. I can see needs where I once saw opposition and anger. I believe I have grown as a human being because of this election cycle. I have contacted persons within me I had no prior knowledge of. This is a very good thing for the psyche.

I highly recommend looking at issues from both sides of the fence. It is medicine for the soul, in my opinion. I believe my teachers, Jung and Hillman would wholeheartedly agree.

I have also been thinking about this experience from a collective point of view. I have written much about the World Soul. What is her place in this tumultuous year? She is maturing too. The level of corruption we’ve seen from the current political establishment in Washington may be unprecedented in our history. Or it may be that we have just now discovered how deep it all goes. Nevertheless, the collective Soul uses all experiences, both good and evil, to continue moving toward individuation. Now, this will never translate to Utopia, however hard we try to force it. It will, however, mean freedom and liberty for future humans (at least I pray it does). Our age is just another chapter in the long story of the Anima Mundi’s apotheosis.

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Mass Movement

Two Brothers, by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, 1921


The value and importance of the individual are rapidly decreasing and the chances of his being heard will vanish more and more.

This process of deterioration will be long and painful, but I fear it is inevitable. Yet in the long run it will prove to be the only way by which man’s lamentable unconsciousness, his childishness and individual weakness, can be replaced by a future man, that knows that he himself is the maker of his fate and that the State is his servant and not his master (Jung 4).

In this passage, Carl Jung is describing the state of things before, during, and after the beginning of World Wars I and II. This long process of decay is still ongoing, which is very troubling to me, for I fear for the future of my children and grandson. My generation has continued to deny goodness and love for their fellow humans, but there is arising a people who see the world in a different light. The hope of my generation is with them.

Jung says the first World War “released the hidden power of evil” (Jung 5) into the world. Prior to 1914, intellectuals believed the evils of war had been overcome after the Enlightenment, that we were rational beings who had learned more logical and reasonable ways of living. According to Jung, however, this war was “released by the accumulation of unconscious masses and their blind desires” (ibid.). 

In the years prior to 1914, the conscious mind of mankind became severed from what Jung calls “the natural laws of human existence” (ibid.). With the rise of capitalism, the masses became dehumanized slaves of industrialization. To live and work, they were herded together into large urban areas, and paid less than living wages, allowing the fruits of their labors to flow into the hands of rich elites. In the 1920’s, so-called “public relations,” which consisted of depth psychology converted into slick advertising to deceive the masses into spending what little they did earn on products they didn’t need. Lies, deception, and dehumanization led Westerners to discard the inner life of imagination, emotion, contemplation, otherwise known as the things of the soul. They centered their lives so much on materialism and capitalism, they were unaware of the pressures building within their unconscious minds. For the German people, and the world, in the 1920’s and 1930’s, this would be cataclysmic. They had no knowledge of how to integrate the awful eruption when it did flood their consciousness. The old ways of the soul were gone, superseded by scientism and capitalism. These left the soul of Western humanity destitute. Nietzsche had declared God to be dead, so there was no help from religion. The West was thrown into a maelstrom of evil. The social processes that once mitigated the ravenous unconscious drives of power, greed, and destruction had been obliterated.

Things have changed little in our era. Greed, war, racism, and just general malevolence still rule the day. But there is a mass movement that is just beginning to arise. A group of younger citizens are speaking out against tyrannical forces that work night and day to keep our world enslaved. They are becoming more aware of mankind’s Shadow and desire to meet it head on. The dark nature of humanity will need to be integrated somehow. These younger ones have seen the evil and revolted against it. If this continues, there is great hope for our planet.



Works Cited

Jung, C.G. Essays on Contemporary Events, the Psychology of Nazism. trans. R.F.C.Hull. Princeton: Bollingen, 1954.

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America’s Wotan

Odin´s throne with Huginn and Munnin, by Wolfgang Sauber


In 1936, C.G. Jung wrote a very important and very timely essay for that particular period of German history, simply called Wotan. At the end of World War I, Germany was left destitute after the Treaty of Versailles. Thousands were left unemployed, inflation was out of control, and people were starving. Germany was forced to pay reparations for the war, as well as hand over territories that contained important economic resources. Jung watched from Switzerland as these conditions brought about, in his estimation, a dark eruption of the German unconscious. The “ancient god of storm and frenzy, the long quiescent Wotan” awoke from his slumber. Jung likened it to the eruption of an extinct volcano that had lay dormant for millennia. There is no need to go into the ensuing dark details. We are well aware, if we have studied twentieth century history at all, what malevolence occurred.

In his essay, Jung calls Wotan

a restless wanderer who creates unrest and stirs up strife, now here, now there, and works magic. He was soon changed by Christianity into the devil, and only lived on in fading local traditions as a ghostly hunter who was seen with his retinue, flickering like a will o’ the wisp through the stormy night.

Wotan is really the Germanic Hermes, but more his darker nature. Hermes is the wanderer, the traveler between worlds, flitting back and forth “through the stormy night,” leading souls from the Upper World to the Underworld. Hermes is a trickster, whether in male or female form. Hermes is a thief and and a cunning liar, even able to fool the great Zeus. We see another skillful deceiver in our culture right now that is just as cunning, and exemplifies Hermes’ trickery to a tee. She is one who continually toys with the truth. She is as sly as a serpent, and is never punished.

Jung mentions in his essay that

The Romans identified Wotan with Mercury, but his character does not really correspond to any Roman or Greek god, although there are certain resemblances. He is a wanderer like Mercury, for instance, he rules over the dead like Pluto and Kronos, and is connected with Dionysus by his emotional frenzy, particularly in its mantic aspect.

Mercury, of course, is the Roman Hermes. Jung interprets Wotan/Hermes as an Ergreifer, one who seizes or possesses. Ergriffenheit is “the state of being seized or possessed.” Ergriffenheit was on full display during the Nazi regime. Millions of Germans were seized by the power of Wotan, according to Jung.

Even today, millions have been seized by an unexplained force, where masses follow politicians even though they have unabashedly lied and committed crimes. Is this the same kind of power that mesmerized the Germans in the 1930’s?

Currently, in America, there are phenomena occurring that may indicate that we are experiencing some degree of this state of possession, trickery, and the eruption of a brooding darkness. Can Hermes be making his presence known once again? Immediately, one would think to connect this idea to the alleged danger of Donald Trump, but I see a darker, even more malevolent force stirring within the chaotic maelstrom of American culture. It is possible there is even a concerted effort involved. One thing is certain, there is a volcanic fury that has just begun to erupt that could be devastating, unless it can be channeled in some way for the good of our society.

I have identified Hermes as what I call the World Daimon, and that Hermes and the World Soul are mirror images of one another. This is a macrocosmic notion based on a microcosmic relationship. As above, so below.

According to Henry Corbin, the human soul is individuated not through the union with a physical body (as in Aristotle) but by becoming a perfectly polished mirror of its angel in a strictly one-to-one relationship. We realize our virtual angelicity through a progressive illumination attained on earth; we are called, by right of our origin and if we consent, to an angelomorphosis (Robert Avens, The Subtle Realm: Corbin, Sufism, Swedenborg).

Following this idea, the World Soul and the World Daimon are images of each other. Also, both have their dark aspects, which we are beginning to experience right now. Just as a human being can be seized or possessed by a malevolent force, say in the case of a megalomaniacal personality, so too can the World Soul become seized or possessed. This has occurred many times throughout history, most recently during the dark days of the Third Reich.

In my estimation, the Anima Mundi is Aphrodite. I say this because, from the union of Hermes and Aphrodite emerged Hermaphrodite, the mythical androgyne who holds such an important place in ancient mythology, religion, and alchemy. It symbolizes the culmination of the magnum opus in alchemy, the creation of the lapis philosophorum. Jung claimed the crowned hermaphrodite symbolized the Self that has transcended ego-consciousness. It is the perfect symbol for the relationship of the Anima Mundi and the Daemon Mundi

I realize this sounds fantastic, but we are dealing with ancient psychological forces, not metaphysical entities off in some other realm. These forces are very real and dwell within the human psyche. We attempt to think of them imaginatively and mythologically.

As things continue to transpire, we can only wait and hope that the dark aspects of Hermes can be moderated in some way. Hopefully, the red tide of mass destruction can be quelled.

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Everything is Out of Order

Photograph by Evelyn Simak


This evening, while perusing the pages of Jean Geber’s classic, The Ever Present Origin, I ran across a passage that speaks profoundly to our current historical period:

The tendency toward chaos, decay, decline, disruption; the loss and renunciation of once legitimate values; and the rise of the devalued and worthless, which are all prominent expressions of our epoch, present major obstacles to the interpretation of manifestations of the new consciousness. Everything is out of order; even so-called “positive” attempts undertaken here and there to “save” humanity or Europe should be viewed for the most part with no less skepticism than the equally undeniable attempts to destroy mankind (Gebser 295-296, italics mine).

First of all, Jean Gebser possessed a keen ability to foresee what our world would become when the current consciousness structure, the mental-rational, would start unraveling with breakneck pace. Just this year, we’ve seen developments occur which shake the very foundations of Western society. Our time seems to be out of joint. As Hamlet said,

The time is out of joint—O cursèd spite,
That ever I was born to set it right!
Nay, come, let’s go together (Hamlet Act 1, scene 5, 186–190)

It is only together that we will be able to set things right in this world. The cesspool of corruption is very deep. We will have to endure much hardship in order to clean things up. 

We are living in, what Gebser called, the deficient mental-rational, which is the most decrepit era of this particular focus of consciousness, this consciousness structure. The use of ratio to fashion a device that could destroy the earth signaled that the end of this phase was at hand. Since then, society has been unraveling at the seams. This election year, we have seen things we have never seen before.

There is hope, though. We are ripe for the transcendence of the mental-rational mode of consciousness. This will take a goodly number of humans willing to lay aside the old ways of egomaniacal and irrational actions and thoughts, and embrace a new integral consciousness.

Works Cited

Gebser, Jean. The Ever-Present Origin. Trans. by Noel Barstad and Algis Mickunas. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1985.

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The Deluded Idea of Manifest Destiny

In the nineteenth century, the idea of Manifest Destiny led many Americans to believe they were chosen by God to expand this “experiment in democracy” across the North American continent, with a notion they were spreading freedom, egalitarianism, and individualism to all people. I am certain many Native Americans would beg to differ.

At the end of the nineteenth century, having brutally conquered all Native American cultures and extending the boundaries of the country to the Pacific Ocean, the United States desired to spread their exceptional brand of liberty to other parts of the globe. In 1892, the Republican Party, in a quest for the White House, put forth this statement in its platform:

We reaffirm our approval of the Monroe Doctrine and believe in the achievement of the manifest destiny of the Republic in its broadest sense.

This may have been left purposefully vague so that it could be loosely interpreted later, under the McKinley administration, as the US began seizing other lands overseas. The Territory of Hawaii was appropriated in 1898.

On the evening of February 15 1898, the U.S.S Maine suddenly exploded and sank while harbored in Havana, Cuba. Historians debate the cause to this day. American forces sided with Cuban rebels against the Spanish, and thus began the Spanish-American War. It lasted about ten weeks and was fought, not only in the Caribbean, but also in Pacific regions, as well. After Spain sued for peace, the US took control of Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.

Having first assisted the Filipino rebels, the Katipunan, in their fight against Spain, the US entered into a war with the rebels. The conflict was long and bloody, lasting several years. Loss of life in the Philippines, at the hands of the United States, between the years 1899-1905, has been estimated at around 1.4 million people, including many who died from a cholera outbreak. Filipino historian, E. San Juan, Jr. has contended that the US committed acts of genocide during the conflict. Many of the dead were civilians.

As with the American Indians, U.S. colonization involved, among others, the “destruction of the specific character of a persecuted group by forced transfer of children, forced exile, prohibition of the use of the national language, destruction of books, documents, monuments, and objects of historical, artistic or religious value.” The goal of all colonialism is the cultural and social death of the conquered natives, in effect, genocide (E. San Juan, Jr.).

On January 9, 1900, American imperialist, Senator Albert Beveridge of Indiana, provided the real reasons for America’s brutality in the scourge of the Filipino people:

Mr. President, the times call for candor. The Philippines are ours forever… . And just beyond the Philippines are China’s illimitable markets. We will not retreat from either… . We will not renounce our part in the mission of our race, trustee, under God, of the civilization of the world… .

The Pacific is our ocean… . Where shall we turn for consumers of our surplus? Geography answers the question. China is our natural customer. … The Philippines give us a base at the door of all the East… .

No land in America surpasses in fertility the plains and valleys of Luzon. Rice and coffee, sugar and cocoanuts, hemp and tobacco… . The wood of the Philippines can supply the furniture of the world for a century to come. At Cebu the best informed man on the island told me that 40 miles of Cebu’s mountain chain are practically mountains of coal… .

I have a nugget of pure gold picked up in its present form on the banks of a Philippine creek… .

My own belief is that there are not 100 men among them who comprehend what Anglo-Saxon self-government even means, and there are over 5,000,000 people to be governed.

It has been charged that our conduct of the war has been cruel. Senators, it has been the reverse… . Senators must remember that we are not dealing with Americans or Europeans. We are dealing with Orientals (Quoted in A People’s History Of The United States, by Howard Zinn, pages 313-314.

This is American imperialism in a nutshell; profit before the lives of human beings. The abandonment of morality in exchange for yet another dollar, while innocent men, women, and children are wiped from the Earth. Nothing has changed to this day.

Just prior to the Philippine-American War, President McKinley came to a fateful decision, taking the lives of millions into his hands:

When I next realized that the Philippines had dropped into our laps I confess I did not know what to do with them. I sought counsel from all sides—Democrats as well as Republicans—but got little help. I thought first we would take only Manila; then Luzon; then other islands perhaps also. I walked the floor of the White House night after night until midnight; and I am not ashamed to tell you, gentlemen, that I went down on my knees and prayed Almighty God for light and guidance more than one night. And one night late it came to me this way—I don’t know how it was, but it came: (1) That we could not give them back to Spain—that would be cowardly and dishonorable; (2) that we could not turn them over to France and Germany—our commercial rivals in the Orient—that would be bad business and discreditable; (3) that we could not leave them to themselves—they were unfit for self-government—and they would soon have anarchy and misrule over there worse than Spain’s was; and (4) that there was nothing left for us to do but to take them all, and to educate the Filipinos, and uplift and civilize and Christianize them, and by God’s grace do the very best we could by them, as our fellow-men for whom Christ also died. And then I went to bed, and went to sleep, and slept soundly, and the next morning I sent for the chief engineer of the War Department (our map-maker), and I told him to put the Philippines on the map of the United States (pointing to a large map on the wall of his office), and there they are, and there they will stay while I am President!

Source: General James Rusling, “Interview with President William McKinley,” The Christian Advocate 22 January 1903, 17. Reprinted in Daniel Schirmer and Stephen Rosskamm Shalom, eds., The Philippines Reader (Boston: South End Press, 1987), 22–23.

These words reveal the state of mind of our 25th President, just after the psychopathic despoilment  of the Filipino people and their country. The effrontery of these statements is contemptible. These words demonstrate the avaricious attitude of American imperialism and racism at this time in our history. The theory of “manifest destiny” had been reinterpreted as license to slay millions of people in order to provide profits for American companies and expand American territory. The manner in which religious zealots spew hatred in the name of Christianity, or any other religion for that matter, is morally repugnant.

Instead of saying he wanted to educate, uplift, civilize, and Christianize the Filipino people, why didn’t McKinley just tell the truth? America saw the natural resources of the Philippines and coveted them. American companies wanted to exploit the richness of the Philippines to line the pockets of corporate shareholders and executives. The US had already been doing the same thing for decades. Historian Sydney Lens postulates that “the urge for expansion – at the expense of other peoples – goes back to the beginnings of the United States itself” (The Forging of the American Empire).

Thus begins the story of America in the twentieth century.

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The State of Things

Mountain Sunrise, by Thomas Cole (1826)

I realize it has been quite awhile since I posted to this blog. As I’ve said in the past, the Muse, at times, departs for reasons unknown. I can say, however, that I’ve been quite troubled recently by the current state of things, not only in the political world this election year, but in the general malaise that seems to have enwrapped us in a black cloak of darkness. It is not easy to remain motivated in such an atmosphere of racism, bigotry, xenophobia, and perpetual war. The World Soul has a very dark Shadow, indeed. These feelings, among other things, have brought about a dismal winter of soul these past few months. Sol, however, has arisen. Wonderful days lie ahead for all who cherish truth and honesty.

You may have noticed on my Twitter feed that I am a big fan of Bernie Sanders. I am usually not one to get excited about a politician, but I feel Bernie is the real deal. Due to the corruption of our political system, he may not get the Democratic nomination, but, just the fact that he has come so far in his campaign is evidence of great hope for the future. There are tectonic shifts occurring. The inhabitants of our nation (and the world) have had enough corruption. As the old guard right-wingers fade away, there is a new generation arising who will not accept the brainwashing of mass media news agencies and loudmouth radio talk-show hosts. These new advocates for fairness and human rights refuse to listen to establishments types who have sold them down the river for their own personal gain. Along with Bernie Sanders, this new generation are ready to tackle the future with courage. The ideas Bernie espouses might sound like pie-in-the-sky to some Americans, but many of the same concepts have been implemented successfully in other nations.

I like Bernie because he has soul. He has a heart. He cares for his constituents enough that he refuses to accept Wall Street money, unlike his opponent. He has impressed me more than any presidential candidate in my lifetime. I wish him the best this year.

Now, I plan on doing some soul spelunking in the next few days. Hopefully, this meets with your approval. 🙂

Thanks for reading,







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The Imagination as Emissary

Leaves on Ground (2012), by Joseph Lee

One must be careful not to confuse the primary images, or archetypes, as existing on another plane in the same way as Plato’s Forms. They are not otherworldly, but part of our animaterial universe. They abide in our bodies and in our souls, these being one and the same. Biology and psychology should not be separate disciplines. The universe in itself is not dualistic.

Does the imagination lie in the brain? It doesn’t matter. We are composed of animaterial particles through and through, as is the entire universe. All is soul. The imagination is an emissary of images. Images are received via the imagination and flow to our conscious minds. They originate in unconscious depths and rise to our awareness through the emissary. Unconscious depth is not otherworldly, but part of the animaterial universe.

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